Robert M. Pirsig – The Metaphor of a Spiritual Mountain

In Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance: An Inquiry Into Values, a philosophical novel and a fictionalized autobiography, Robert M. Pirsig uses a journey through mountains as an elegant metaphor for one’s spiritual journey through…

Psychological Downsides of Democracy and Equality

Democracy has done a lot for humankind. It made people feel equal and equally important. It made them feel free. As I have just finished reading a great book by Alain de Botton – Status Anxiety,…

Nietzsche’s Attack on Socrates’ Daemon

One might say that Socrates was the first guy who fucked us up. Badly. And here is the reason. According to Socrates’ equation, “reason = virtue = happiness.”  This is probably the single most powerful idea that even today shapes the ideals of a modern man, from our education to the rest of our lives.

Four Irrational Behaviors Voltaire Warned Us About

François-Marie Arouet, better known as Voltaire, is the principal representative of the Age of Enlightenment. He fought passionately against dogmatism of any kind, advocated free speech, was censored, imprisoned and exiled multiple times. His 18th-century…